Banner image of Minisign


We look at “Minisign – A dead simple tool to sign files and verify signatures." You can use Minisign as an alternative to GnuPG for signing and verifying files.

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Minisign uses Ed25519 for cryptographic signing and verification. Several projects like the very popular crypto libraries libsodium or dnscrypt-proxy use Minisign to sign their releases. There are also libraries and implementations in Golang (go-minisign) and Rust (rsign2) available. The current version of Minisign is 0.8, released in February 2018.

After downloading and installing Minisign on your platform, you enter minisign -G to create a key pair. On Linux, the private, password-protected key is stored in “~/.minisign/minisign.key” and the public key in “~/” We suggest using a password manager to store your password.

If you create a new key pair, you get two files: The file that ends with ".key" is your private signing key. Do not share it. The file that ends with ".pub" is your public verification key. Share this file with everybody who needs to verify your signatures.

The contents of cat look like:

untrusted comment: current minisign public key of InfoSec Handbook RWTobCZNZpK7QlEBFPj+eGxRxUrsF/wW+Rrm/XOL+RXaC1C6ZLplTsVL

The first line is an “untrusted” comment. “Untrusted” means that it isn’t signed and can be changed. The second line is the Base64 encoded public key.

After creating a key pair, the workflow is similar to tools like GnuPG: You publish your public key “” and use your local private key “minisign.key” to sign files.

To sign files, just enter: minisign -Sm [file-to-sign]. After entering the password for the private key, a second file is created, named “[file-to-sign].minisig.” Another person can verify the file’s signature by entering: minisign -Vm [file-to-verify] -p “[file-to-verify].minisig” must be in the same folder.

Furthermore, you can add “trusted” comments. Trusted comments are signed. Enter minisign -Sm [file-to-sign] -t '[a-trusted-comment]'.

The result looks like:

untrusted comment: signature from minisign secret key RWTobCZNZpK7QnVLb7KjgV0QB+MaYemn/rjDMwIJUcnUyYwHqgCq5JQqwDDEbOAuk2f8WqDpQsYF15ZVgISJcC+NLPaD/WDG4wc= trusted comment: a trusted comment by InfoSec Handbook JTbwBH2GAtnYBbGq484em05IF9/PLY97mhsdqWSUbZP8UYOHDn0YZGKdQNImBHcyHwhKkQrW5kgsio1ixLltAw==

Rename your “” and “minisign.key” files if you need numerous key pairs.


Minisign is a modern tool that allows you to sign and verify files. Besides, you can verify Minisign’s signatures using OpenBSD’s Signify tool. The public keys and signatures are compatible.